AFRICAN NETWORK AGAINST EXTRAJUDICIAL
KILLINGS AND ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCES
AN ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCE
occurs when a person is abducted or imprisoned by state agents (or someone acting with state consent) followed by a denial of the act or refusal to acknowledge the fate and whereabouts of the disappeared even if there are witnesses. The disappeared are frequently tortured. Many are killed. Enforced disappearance has a devastating long lasting economic, social and emotional impact on families who are haunted by what may or may not have happened to their loved ones. Enforced disappearance is considered a crime against humanity.
AN EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLING
is the killing of a person by governmental authorities without the sanction of any judicial proceeding or legal process. Extrajudicial killings breach many rights, the most basic being the right to life, liberty and security.